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辽宁省葫芦岛市第八高级中学高中物理 第一章 静电场 章末知识点 新人教版选修3-1

Module 1 语言点汇集 重点单词点击 【词条1】amazing 【课文原句】The teachers are very enthusiastic and friendly and the classrooms are amazing. (Page 3) 【点拨】amazing在本句中的意思是“令人吃惊的,令人惊讶的”。这句话的意思是:“老师们都非常热情友好,教室(的设备)也令人吃惊。”再如: It’s amazing to visit such a beautiful village! 【拓展】 由 动词amaze引申出来的的另一个形容词是amazed,它的意思是“吃惊的,惊讶的”。如: I’m amazed that you have never heard about that story. 通过以上amazing和amazed的意思对比,同学们是否能区别-ing形容词与-ed形容词呢?我们来将两者的区别归纳一下吧! (1)-ing形式的形容词通常用来描述使人产生某种看法的人或事,表示主动的意思。 (2)-ed形式的形容词通常用来描述人或事处于某种状态,表示被动的意思。 试比较: The old lady asked lots of embarrassing questions. (令人尴尬的) The little boy was too embarrassed to admit making a mistake. (尴尬的) 【词条2】method 【课文原句】…and Ms Shen’s method of teaching is nothing like that of the teachers at my Junior High school. (Page 3) 【点拨】method在本句中的意思是“方法,方式”。这句话的意思是:“沈老师的教学方法一点也不像我们初中的老师们。”再如: Mar y insist that we should try again using a different method. 【拓展】manner, means, method, way均含有“方式,方法”的意思,但它们各自的侧重点有所不同。

辽宁省沈阳市第二十一中学高中英语 Module 1 My First Day at Senior知识点讲解 外研版必修1 【词条1】attitude 【点拨】attitude为名词,意为"态度;看法"。如: There have been changes in people’s attitude to marriage. Your attitude towards this matter is of great importance to the final result. 【上层楼】 1. attitude常用于attitude to / towards sb. / sth.或attitude to / towards doing sth.意为"对……的态度,看法"。如: You must keep a positive attitude to your illness. As you get older, your attitude towards someone may change. What’s his attitude to going abroad for the vacation? 2. attitude也能用于take a ... attitude,意为"采取……态度"。如: China will take an opening attitude to the world. You mus t take an honest attitude to your mistakes. 【词条2】impress 【点拨】impress常作动词,意为"使印象深刻"。如: Your company impressed me deeply. It was his attitude towards the poor that impressed all the listeners! 【上层楼】 1. impress常用于impress sb. (with sth. / sb.),意为"给某人留下印象"。如: We talked with some students but none of them impressed us . The boy impressed the teacher with quick mind. 2. impress还可用于impress sth. on / upon sb.,意为"使某人意识到(重要性或严重性等)"。如: I tried to impress the importance of immediate action on them. 3. impression n. "印象"。如: My first impression of him was q

Module 1 重难点解析 1. What are the main difference s between Junior High school and Senior High school? 初中和高中的主要不同是什么? difference 可用作可数名词亦可用作不可数名词,常与介词 between 连用,表两者间的不同。 典例 : 初中和高中的主要不同是什么? It's hard to see many differences between the two parties. 很难看出两党之间有多少不同。(两党之间并没有很多差异。) What is the difference between American food and Chinese food? 中国食物与美国食物有什么不同? There is not much difference in price. 在价格上没有太大差异。 拓展 : differen t 形容词 different from 与 …… 不同; different in 在某方面不同 典例 : The two boys are very different from each. 这两个男孩有很大不同。 Our bags are different in color. 我们的书包颜色不同。 反馈练习: 1. ----- Can you see any differences __________________( 这两幅画之间 )? -----Yes, I can see __________________________{ 有两点不同 }. 2. The color of her skirt is different _____ that of mine. A. in B. with C. between D. from 答案 : 1. between the two pictures; there are two differences 2. D 2. Are Senior High teachers simil ar to Junior High teachers? 高中的老师与初中老师相似吗? similar 形容词 相似的 , 类似的 表与 …… 相似时,常与介词 to 搭配。 典例: We have similar tastes in music. 我们在音乐上有相似的爱好。 They are all similar. 他们都类似。 My opinions on the matter are similar to Mary's. 我在这件事上的观点与玛丽相似。 拓展 : 1. be similar to 与 be different from 构成反义词组 2 similarity [U ; C] 相似之处

辽宁省沈阳市第二十一中学高中英语 Module 2 My New Teachers知识点讲解 外研版必修1

类别:高一 > 英语 > 外研版 > 必修1 > 辽宁 > 试题

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识点讲解 外研版必修1 【词条1】hate 【点拨】hate 多作动词,意为"讨厌,不喜欢"。如: I hate that kind of animals with long tails (尾巴).People hate being cheated. 【上层楼】 1. hate作动词多用于hate (doing) sth.或hate to do sth.。如: Although my grandfather is old, he hat es sit ting still and doing nothing. Carrie hated the plan. It made her too tired. 注意:hate后跟动名词时多指习惯性的行为或正在进行的动作;后跟不定式多 指一次性的行为或未进行的动作。试比较: The boy hates getting up early every morning. The boy hated to get up early the next day. 2. hate 也可作名词,意为"仇恨,憎恨"。如: She loo ked at the man with eyes full of hate. 3. hateful adj. "可恨的,可恶的"。如: The author takes those people as hateful enemies (敌人). 【词条2】appreciate 【点拨】appreciate 为动词,意为"欣赏,赞美"。如: The manager appreciated the new worker’s enthusiasm very much. Her parents don’t appreciate her boyfriend. 【上层楼】 1. appreciate还可表示"感谢,感激",用于appreciate (doing) sth.或appreciate + that从句。如: I really appreciated your coming to my birthday party. It was a big surprise for me.

辽宁省沈阳市第二十一中学高中英语 Module 3 知识点讲解 外研版必修1

类别:高一 > 英语 > 外研版 > 必修1 > 辽宁 > 试题

时间:2015-05-18

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辽宁省沈阳市第二十一中学高中英语 Module 3 知识点讲解 外研版必修1 【词条1】distance 【点拨】distance 为名词,意为"间距,距离"。如: The whole distance was much longer than they had expected. What’s the distance between Beijing and Shanghai? 【上层楼】 1. distance作名词常用于以下短语: ①in the distance"在远处,在远方"。如: On a sunny day we can see the mountain in the distance. ②at / from a distance"离开一定的距离,在稍远处"。如: You will find the painting more beautiful if you stand at a distance. ③keep sb. at a distance"与某人保持一定的距离;对某人冷淡"。如: I’m very kind to him, but he always keeps me at a distance. 2. distant adj."远的;疏远的,远亲的"。如: The station is four miles distant from our school. 【词条2】abandoned 【点拨】abandoned为形容词,意为"被抛弃的,被遗弃的"。如: An abandoned car was found beside the lake. 【上层楼】 1. abandon v."(不顾责任、义务等)离弃,抛弃;( 不得已而)舍 弃,放弃"。如: The baby was abandoned by its mother. They had to abandon their lands and went to another cit y. 2. abandon作动词常用于abandon sth. (to sb. / sth.)。如: He gave the order to abandon the ship. 3. abandon和give up用法辨析: 都可意为"放弃",但用法有区别: abandon为正式用语。强调彻底放弃。如: The pla n was abandoned because we could

英语单词重读规则 发音规则主要是针对重读音节的,因此,如何确定双音节词和多音节词的重读音节,就成了实现单词“见即能读”的关键。  双音节词和多音节词中,哪一个音节重读,往往涉及词的构造,因此有必要首先介绍一下主要的构词方法。   英语的构词方法很多,但主要有三种:(1)缀合法:通过前缀或后缀构成另一个词。例如:luck(运气)→lucky(幸运的),unlucky(不幸的)。(2)转化法:由一 个词类转化为另一个词类。例如:water(n.水)→water(v.浇水)。(3)合成法:由两个或更多个的词合成为一个词。例如:book+bag→bookbag(书包);mother+in+ law→mother-in-law(岳母,婆婆)。   二、双音节词的重读规 律   (一)双音节词重读的一般倾向    1.双音节动词倾向于第二个音节重读。例如:absorb(吸收),behave(举止),forget(忘记),receive(接收)。   2.动词以外的双音节词,倾向于第一个音节重读。例如:custom(n.习惯),distant(adj .遥远的),second(num.第二),many(pron.许多),often(adv.经常),into(prep.进入),after(conj.在……之后)。   名词、形容词、副词的后缀,大都是非重读的,如:-er,-or,-ess,-ism -tion -sion,-ssion -ment -ship -hood -age -ure -dom -ey -ance -our -ent -ace -ow -ic(s)等名词后缀;-le ss -ish -ive -ous -able -ible -ic -some -like -en-ed -al -ant,-ful -ing -ty -ly等形容词后缀。-ly -ward(s),-wise等副词后缀。这也进一步加重了这类词第一个音节重读的倾向。 仅举几例说明。名词:actor(演员),nation(国家);形容词:useful(有用的),dirty(脏的);副词:really(真地);数词:twenty(二十)。   3.某些单词既可以作动词,又可以作名词或形容词。作动词时,第二个音节重读;作名词或形容词时,第一个音节重读。这反映出两种倾向的明显对比。例如:-rekord作动词“记录”解时读[ri′k :d],作名词“记录”解时读[-rek d ;present作动词“赠送”解时读[prizent],作名词“礼物”解时读[′prez nt];absent作动词“缺席”解时读[ b′sent],作形容词“缺席的”解时读[′ bs nt]。   (二)影响双音节词重读倾向的构词因素   上述双音节动词倾向于第二个音节重读,而其他类

辽宁省沈阳市第二十一中学高中英语 Module 4 知识点讲解 外研版必修1

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辽宁省沈阳市第二十一中学高中英语 Module 4 知识点讲解 外研版必修1 【词条1】survey 【点拨】survey 常作名词,意为"调查,视察"。如: The survey shows that most students are satisfied with the food. Different results are reached in these surveys. 【上层楼】 1. survey作名词常用于make a survey,意为"做调查"。如: I have to make a survey to a group of primary school students to finish my paper. 2. survey 还可作动词,意为"调查,查看;评述,概述"。如: About half the students were surveyed in the school. They got off the car to survey the damage. This book surveys the situation of that island country. 3. survey, test, check用法辨析: 这三个词都可表示"检查,审查",但侧重点各有不 同。 ①survey多指检查事物并对其做出鉴定或调查一群人的行为、观点(通常以提问的形式)。如: You’d better have the house surveyed before deciding to buy it. ②test多指"测验,测试"。如: We have to take part in many tests in life. ③check侧重于"核查",多指有一个参照的标准。如: Take notes and I’ll check it later. 【词条2】fortunate 【点拨】fortunate为形容词,意为"幸运的,吉祥的"。如: I am fortunate to have a big happy family, which gives me love at any time. It was fortunate that the girl was playing outdoors when the house broke down suddenly. 【上层楼】

辽宁省沈阳市第二十一中学高中英语 Module 5 知识点讲解 外研版必修1

类别:高一 > 英语 > 外研版 > 必修1 > 辽宁 > 试题

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辽宁省沈阳市第二十一中学高中英语 Module 5 知识点讲解 外研版必修1 【词条1】aim 【点拨】aim常作名词,意为"目的,目标"。如: As students, we must be clear about our learning aims. I don’t know his aim of going to Beijing at this time of the year. 【拓展】 1.aim作名词常用于以下短语: ①achieve one’s aim"实现某人的目标"。如: She made great efforts in order to achieve her aims. ②take aim at"向……瞄准;把矛头或目标对准……"。如: The hunter took aim at the tiger and shot at it. 2. aim还可作动词,意为"目的是,旨在;瞄准,对准等"。常用于以下结构: ①aim to do / at doing s th."旨在做某事"。如: They are aiming to reduce the unemployment rate by 50%. These steps aim at preventing crime. ②aim at sth."向……瞄准"。如: I was aiming at the tree but hit the car by accident. 【 词条2】balance 【点拨】balance可作名词,意为"天平"。如: My mother bought a pair of balances yesterday. This kind of balance are mostly used in labs. 【拓展】 1. balance作名词,还可意为"平衡,均衡",常用于balance between A and B。如: You should learn to keep a balance between work and relaxation. 2. 体会下列各句中balance短语的意思:

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