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Unit 10 The world around us课文重难点解析

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Unit 10 The world around us课文重难点解析

Unit 11 the sounds of world课文重难点解析

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Unit 11 the sounds of world课文重难点解析

形容词性从句 定语从句 复合句考查的重点

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形容词性从句 定语从句 复合句考查的重点定语从句是主要用来修饰它前面的先行词(名词或代词)的从句,所以又称形容词从句。根据与先行词的关系,定语从句可分为限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。定语从句主要考查引导定语从句的关系代词或关系副词;介词+关系代词以及非限制性定语从句。具体考点如下:考点一:引导定语从句的引导词有关系代词(who, whom, which, that, whose)和关系副词(as, when, where, why)等。但是当下列情况出现时,对引导词有特殊要求。1.指物只能用 that不用which 的情况 1).当先行词是不定代词时,如:all, little, much, none, one, everyone, something, anything, everything, nothing 等。 2).当先行词被the only, the very, the same, little, few, no, 等修饰时。 3).当先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时。 4).在疑问词who、which、what开头的句子中。5)当定语从句为there be 句型时,关系代词只能用that,也可以省略。This is the fastest train (that) there is to Beijing.6).当主句是以which 或 who 开头的特殊疑问句时,关系代词只能用 that。Who is the girl that is talking with Mr. Brown?7).如果出现两个或两个以上的先行词,并同时兼指人和物时,关系代词用that。We are talking about the people and countries that we have visited.8).当先行词在定语从句中做表语时,关系代词只能用that,也可以省略。如:China is not the country (that) it was. 2.指物只能用which 不用that的情况 1).在非限制性定语从句中 2).在介词后面 3.指人时只能用who不用 that的情况 1).先行词为one, ones或anyone. 2).先行词为those. 3). 在there be开头的句子中。 Eg: There is a man who called himself Mr. Wu at the gate. 4). 在非限制性定语从句中。 4.“the same ...as”, “such...as” 中的as 可以指人或物,作从句的主语、宾语、表语或介词的宾语。如:Such money as he earned was spent on spirits and tobacco. Is this the same mosquito as bit you just now?He was not half such a coward as we took him for. 5.why引导表示原因的定语从句,其先行词一般是reason。当主句主语是reason时,作主句表语的成分不能有because和because of 。其结构一般为the reason why…is that…,或者 the reason that … is that…,如:  He did not tell us the reason why he was late again.The reason why (that)he didn't come is that he was ill. 考点二:在“介词+which / whom”的结构中,介词的选择取决于三种情况:1.定语从句中谓语动词或表语的搭配   This is the college in which I am studying.  He is the man about whom we are talking.2.先行词与介词的习惯搭配 当先行词表示“领域、方面”时,如:aspect, respect, a

高一英语过去完成时 牛津英语

类别:高一 > 英语 > 牛津版 > 不分版别 > 不限地区 > 试题

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高一英语过去完成时 牛津英语横林中学 2007-1-16  一、过去完成时的概念与结构特点 概念:过去完成时表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作,即“过去的过去( past-in-the-past )”。----|-------------------------- |-------------------------------|---------------------------->那时以前  那时  现在         构成:过去完成时由“助动词 had + 过去分词”构成,其中 had 通用于各种人称。   They had already had breakfast before they arrived at the hotel.   She had finished writing the composition by 10 :00 this morning. 二、过去完成时的判断依据 1. 由时间状语来判定 一般说来,各种时态都有特定的时间状语。与过去完成时连用的时间状语有: ( 1 ) by + 过去的时间点。如: I had finished reading the novel by nine o'clock last night. ( 2 ) by the end of + 过去的时间点。如: We had learned over two thousand English words by the end of last term. ( 3 ) before + 过去的时间点。如: They had planted six hundred trees before last Wednesday. 2. 由“过去的过去”来判定。 过去完成时表示“过去的过去”,是指过去某一动作之前已经发生或完成的动作,即动作有先后关系,动作在前的用过去完成时,在后的用一般过去时。这种用法常出现在: ( 1 )宾语从句中   当宾语从句的主句为一般过去时,且从句的动作先于主句的动作时,从句要用过去完成时。在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。如:   She said that she had seen the film before.   ( 2 )状语从句中   在时间、条件、原因、方式等状语从句中,主、从句的动作发生有先后关系,动作在前的,要用过去完成时,动作在后的要用一般过去时。如:   When I got to the station, the train had already left.   After he had finished his homework, he went to bed.   注意: before, after 引导的时间状语从句中,由于 before 和 after 本身已表达了动作的先后关系,若主、从句表示的动作紧密相连,则主、从句都用一般过去时。如:   Where did you study before you came here? After he closed the door, he left the classroom. (3)表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"   We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.  3. 根据上、下文来判定。   I met Wang Tao in the street yesterday. We hadn't seen each other since he went to Beijing.三、过去完成时的主要用法    1. 过去完成时表示一个动作或状态在过去某一时间或动作之前已经完成或结束,即发生在“过去的过去”。如: When I woke up, it had stopped raining. 我醒来时,雨已经停了。(主句的动作发生在“过去的过去”)  

2007年高三英语阅读理解复习训练 新课标 人教版

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2007年高三英语阅读理解复习训练 新课标 人教版A  Today, roller skating is easy and fun. But a long time ago, it wasn't easy at all. Before 1750, the idea of skating didn't exist. That changed because of a man named Joseph Merlin. Merlin's work was making musical instruments. In his spare time he liked to play the violin. Joseph Merlin was a man of ideas and dreams. People called him a dreamer.  One day Merlin received an invitation to attend a fancy dress ball. He was very pleased and a little excited. As the day of the party came near, Merlin began to think how to make a grand entrance at the party. He had an idea. He thought he would get a lot of attention if he could skate into the room.  Merlin tried different ways to make himself roll. Finally, he decided to put two wheels under each shoe. These were the first roller skates. Merlin was very proud of his invention and dreamed of arriving at the party on wheels while playing the violin.  On the night of the party Merlin rolled into the room playing his violin. Everyone was astonished to see him. There was just one problem. Merlin had no way to stop his roller skates. He rolled on and on. Suddenly, he ran into a huge mirror that was hanging on the wall. Down fell the mirror, breaking to pieces. Nobody forgot Merlin's grand entrance for a long time!  1. The text is mainly about_________.  A. a strange man  B. an unusual party  C. how roller skating began  D. how people enjoyed themselves in the 18th century  2. People thought Merlin was a dreamer because he________.  A. often gave others surprises     B. was a gifted musician  C. invented the roller skates      D. was full of imagination  3. Merlin put wheels under his shoes in order to_______.  A. impress the party guests      B. arrive at the party sooner  C. test his invention          D. show his skill in walking

高二英语Units11-16单元疑难习题解答 人教版

类别:高二 > 英语 > 旧人教版本 > 不分版别 > 不限地区 > 试题

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高二英语Units11-16单元疑难习题解答 人教版(1—30 Unit 11—12)1. While he is a(n) _______ worker, he works very hard, therefore a success. A. ordinary B. common C. usual D. general2. I’d like ______ him a hand, but I was just too busy with my essay. A. to offer B. to supply C. to have offered D. to have supplied3. We haven’t heard from John for long. What do you suppose _____ to him? A. to happen B. happening C. having happened D. has happened4. He’s not tired because of overwork, so a couple of days off doesn’t _____, I’m afraid. A. effect B. help C. affect D. do5. He’s been doing nothing well! ________ you can expect of him? A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is that^. Black hair is common _____ the Chinese. A. for B. to C. of D. among7. Fourteen deaths have so far been confirmed due to that accident, ________. A. include one kid B. one kid is included C. one kid included D. one kid including8. Having completed that children’s reader, I _____ writing on history of world civilization. A. set about B. set out C. set off D. set down 9. Squirrels _________ of nuts for winter, making them a hero in the traditional moral story. A. have a good store B. make a store C. have in store D. keep in store10. Americans eat ______ vegetables per person today as they used to. A. more than twice B. as twice as many C. twice as many D. more than twice11. I sent Father a quick note as I thought he’d like to know ____ I’ve been up to so far. A. which B. what C. why D. how12. _________ any agreement, they decided to hold a second conference later this month. A. Not having reached B. Having not reached C. Not reaching D. Since didn’t reach13. ______ is reported in the press, the summit between the two nations has turned fruitless.

高中英语听力训练 Unit8一(附音频文件)

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高中英语听力训练 Unit8一听力理解I. 听句子,选出意思相同或相近的选项。读一遍。( )1. A. We will go for a picnic after a party tomorrow. B. We will have a party if it rains tomorrow. C. We will have a picnic if it rains tomorrow.( )2. A. He often catches cold. B. It’s cold outside. C. There’re some clouds in the sky at times.( )3. A. It was fine yesterday. We had a very good time. B. The weather was wet yesterday. C. The weather was as wet as it is today.II. 根据听到的读音,选出正确的单词。读一遍。( )1. A. cloud B. cloudy C. crowded( )2. A. sunny B. some C. sandy( )3. A. wind B. windy C. wound( )4. A. slow B. snow C. snowy( )5. A. fog B. foggy C. fallIII. 听短对话,选择正确答案。读一遍。( )1. What does the man think of the weather? A. It is hot. B. It is not hot. C. It is as hot as yesterday.( )2. What season do you guess it is? A. It is winter. B. It’s spring. C. It’s autumn.( )3. What’s the temperature for today? A. It’s two above zero. B. It’s zero. C. It’s three below zero.( )4. What is the weather going to be like this afternoon? A. It’s going to be fine. B. It’s going to snow. C. It’s going to rain.( )5. What is the weather going to be like? A. It is going to be fine. B. There is going to be a shower. C. It is going to rain.( )6. What are they talking about? A. The park. B. Their friend Tom. C. The weather.( )7. What can we learn from the conversation? A. It’s very hot today. B. The woman would like a Coke. C. The man wants to go out for a drink.( )8. What is the weather like in New Zealand? A. Dry and hot. B. Hot and wet. C. Cold and wet.( )9. What was the weather like? A. Windy and rainy. B. Windy and snowy. C. Windy and cloudy.( )10. What is the weather like now? A. I

高中英语听力训练 Unit8二(附音频文件)

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高中英语听力训练 Unit8二 听力理解IV. 听长对话,选择正确答案。读两遍。 听第1段对话,回答1~3题。( )1. Where may the man come from? A. France. B. China. C. America.( )2. What was the weather like in California last winter? A. It was as cold as in Paris. B. It snowed as much as in Paris. C. It snowed less than in Paris.( )3. Which season is the most beautiful in California? A. Autumn. B. Spring. C. Summer. 听第2段对话,回答4、5题。( )4. What will the weather be like tomorrow according to the weather report? A. Fine. B. Cloudy. C. Rainy.( )5. What will the weather be like tomorrow according to the man? A. Fine. B. Cloudy. C. Rainy. 听第3段对话,回答6~8题。( )6. What part of England did the hurricane strike? A. The south. B. The east. C. The southeast.( )7. How many people were killed in the hurricane? A. Nine. B. Nineteen. C. Ninety.( )8. What do we know about the woman? A. She had a lucky escape. B. She was struck by a tree. C. She was blown off by the wind. 听第4段对话,回答9~11题。( )9. What season is it now? A. Spring. B. Summer. C. Winter.( )10. Why should the man have bought an air-conditioner earlier? A. Because the price is going up now. B. Because it’s hard to buy one now. C. Because it’s not hot tomorrow.( )11. What has the press been talking about? A. El Nino. B. Air-conditioners. C. The temperature. 听第5段对话,回答12~14题。( )12. What is the weather like now? A. Fine. B. Foggy. C. Rainy.( )13. What does the woman think the weather will be like in the afternoon? A. Foggy. B. Windy. C. Clear.( )14. How will the man get the weather information? A. He’ll listen to the radio. B. He’ll ask the weatherman. C. He’ll make a telephone call. 听第6段对话,回答15~18题。( )15. What are the speakers mainly talking

Unit18 Bush Reaffirms US Resolve on Iraq听力

类别:高三 > 英语 > 不分版本 > 不分版别 > 不限地区 > 试题

时间:2007-01-16

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Unit18 Bush Reaffirms US Resolve on Iraq听力听力理解 Words and expressions: 1. reaffirm 重申 2. resolve 决心 3. offensive 进攻态势 4. quick reaction forces 快速反应部队 5. engage 与……交战 6. dictate 主导,决定 7. falter 犹豫,退缩 8. entity 实体 9. inadequate 不充分的 10. means of support 生计 11. ultimate 最终的 12. embrace 包括,包含 13. the make-up 组成人员 14. interim 临时的 15. equitably 公平地 Notes for comprehension: 1. Michigan Senator Carl Levin 来自密歇根州的参议员卡尔•列文 2. UN special envoy Lakhdar Brahimi 联合国特使拉克达•布拉西米 Exercises:I. Judge if the following statements true(T)or false(F): 1. Last week saw the greatest casualties of US troops since Mr. Bush declared an end to major combat operations in May 2003.( )2. Democrats have urged President Bush to hand over power to Iraqis as soon as possible. ( )3. In his weekly address, Mr. Bush expressed his wish to cooperate with the United Nations in the planned handover of power to Iraqis. ( )4. Senator Levin was not happy with the US operations in Iraq. ( )5. Senator Levin thought it was wrong to disband Iraqi army when the major operations were over. ( )6. British Prime Minister Tony Blair paid an official visit to the US and held talks with President Bush last Friday. ( )II. Listen to the news story and supply the missing words: Mr. Bush 1 to the future in his radio address, saying UN special 2 Lakhdar Brahimi is consulting on the 3 of the 4 government. Elections for a permanent government are 5 for late 2005, and Mr. Bush said the United States will 6 with the Iraqi people as long as necessary to 7 that what he called their young democracy is 8 , 9 and 10 .听力原文及答案Bush Reaffirms US Resolve on Iraq President Bush says US troops in Iraq will stay on the offensive following one of the

浅谈同位语从句 人教版

类别:高三 > 英语 > 旧人教版本 > 不分版别 > 不限地区 > 试题

时间:2007-01-16

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同谓语从句和定语从句的区别是高中学生的一个难点, 有必要进行专门讲解.

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