(考前添分指导)福建省2014高考英语 短文填词指导精讲精析

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短文填词专项解读 2009年以来,高考英语(福建卷)第二卷第四部分“写作”的第一节为“短文填词”,共设10小题,每小题1分,满分10分,要求考生阅读一篇短文并根据汉语提示、首字母提示或语境提示,在每个空格内填入一个适当的英语单词,并将该词完整地写在右边相对应的横线上,所填单词要求意义准确、拼写正确。 尽管考生在备考的过程中做了大量的短文填词练习,然而从近五年的高考实践看,考生这一部分的得分率偏低。那么在复习过程中,如何备考才能提高得分呢?笔者愿以近五年引导学生备考的做法及感悟,与大家分享。 一、再现真题,感悟考点。 (一) 请完成以下三篇短文填词。 (1) 2013(福建卷)短文填词 Every individual is a member of a group called the community, and it is the duty of every citizen ask what he can do for his community. 76. A good citizen (相信) that he should serve the 77. community and not the community serve h . As students, 78. there are many ways in you can serve the community. 79. Above all, however, you have to acquire a certain amount of skill and experience b you can be of service to others. 80. Your school has lots of (活动) which prepare you 81. good citizenship. Many school societies train students 82. to become good citizens who later p in volunteer work 83. and serve the public in t of need. If you serve your community, 84. you will grow to be a good citizen with a strong sense of 85. responsibility. (2) 2012(福建卷)短文填词 People often don’t do what they really want to for fear of failure. You don’t apply for a job case you don’t get it. 76. You don’t perform at the school concert b others might 77. laugh at you. A lack

Word usage 1. honest adj. of someone who does not lies or steal; not hiding the truth or facts All my life I have tried to be an honest man. All this is honest money. Give me your honest opinion. The young man has an honest face. 2. ancient adj. belonging to a time long ago; having existed for a very long time We were impressed by the ruins of an ancient building. This is an ancient custom. Women were not allowed to take part in the Olympic Games in ancient times. 3. compete [(+with/against/for)] vi. to try to win or gain sth. in competition with sb. else We can compete with the best teams. My handwriting cannot compete with his. John competed for a place at the school, but didn’t get in. The two companies have to compete against each other for customers. 4. competitor n. a person, team, or firm competing with another or others There were 10 competitors in the race. Last year our company sold many more computers than our competitor. Sometimes friends can also be your competitors.

福建省长乐第一中学高中英语《Unit 3 Computers 知识点总结 新人教版必修2

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Unit three Computers Word usage 1. calculate v: count eg. You can calculate easily with the help of computer. I must calculate how much money I spent last week. He calculated the costs very carefully. 2. common adj: belonging equally the same to all eg. We have much common int erest. Rice is common in south. Smith is a very common last name in England. 该词构成的词组in common Those two have something in common. They are brothers, but they have nothing in common. 3. universal adj: present or occurring everywhere eg. Football is a universal game. This machine has a universal use in the home. Pollution is a uni versal problem in the world. 4. intelligence n [U]: mental ability to learn and understand things eg. He's a man of very high intelligence. It requires a high degree of intelligence to do the job well. When the water pipe burst, she had the intelligence to turn off the water at the main. 5. anyway adv: anyhow eg. I can’t understand it anyway. Do the job anyway you like. It may rain, but we shall go anyway.

福建省长乐第一中学高中英语《Unit 1 One 知识点总结 新人教版必修2

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必修二 Unit1 One Word usage: 1. survive vi. 1) continue to live or exist; 2) vt. Continue to live or exist in spite of nearly being killed or destroyed by sth. 3) vt. Remain alive after sb., live or exist longer than eg: He is t he last surviving member of the family. Few buildings survived the earthquake. The man survived his sister by three years. 2. remain v. 1) vi. Be left or present after other parts have been moved or used or dealt with 2) vi. Be left to be seen , done, etc. 3) vi. Stay behind, stay in the same place. 4) (link-v.) continu e to be Eg: After the fire, very little remained of my house. Much work remained to be done. I’ll remain to see the end of the game. He rem a ined silent after class. 3. gift n. [C] 1) sth. given; 2) natural ability eg: ----Please accept these flowers for your birthday. -----Oh. Thanks a lot for your beautiful gift. He is a student who has a gift for music. He is a man of many gifts. 4. design 1) vt. & vi. plan, intend; make arrangement of sth. make drawings for…; 2) make designs for

福建省长乐第一中学高中英语《Unit 5 Music 知识点总结》新人教版必修2

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Unit five 1. form 1) n. the pattern or nature of anything; sth. that gives the shape (to sth.) 2) v. give shape to; develop by instruction; to construct, make or produce Churches are often built in the form of a cross. To apply for a job, you must fill out a form. The design is formed with triangles He forms the habit of getting up early. We formed a club. 2. attractive adj. able to attract; exciting interest or pleasure; good looking The girl has attractive eyes. The picture drawn by Xu Beihong is very attractive to the visitors. 3. perform v. to do or carry out; to act in a play; to play music before public The young doctor performed the heart operation. The students will perform an opera next Friday. The soloist had never performed in London before. Our team performed well in the match yesterday. 4. ability n. skill; capability or power to do sth. She did the work to the best of her ab ility. He is a man of great ability. The acting abilities of both are well-known. 5. advertisement n. public note (esp. in newspaper or TV) to arouse the public’s attention about a product or idea Advertisement helps to sell goods. You can always see a lot of advertisements in the newspaper. Your job is dealing with advertisements. 6. musician n. someone who is talented at composing or performing music He wants to be a great musician in the future.

福建省长乐第一中学高中英语《Unit 4 知识点总结》 新人教版必修2

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福建省长乐第一中学高中英语必修二《Unit 4 知识点总结 Word usage: 1. protection n. 1) [U] the act of protecting or state of being protected 2) [C] a person or thing that protects Eg: You’d better turn to a n adult for protection if there is a bully in your class who makes your life difficult. This hat will give protection against the sun. Shoes are a protection for the feet. 2. enemy n. 1) [C] a person who hates or dislikes another person; one of two or more people who hate or dislike each other. 2) [C] someone or something that hurts, wants to harm or is again st (someone or something) Eg: He made many enemies during his political life. John and Paul are enemies (of each other). Cancer is an enemy of/ to mankind. 3. loss n. 1) [U] the act of fact of losing possession 2) the pain, harm, damage caused by losing sth. 3) [C] a failure to win or obtain Eg: Did you report the loss of your jewellery to the police? He’ll try his best to make up the loss. What make him unhappy was the loss of yesterday’s football match. 4. reserve n. 1) [C] a piece of land reserved for a purposse 2) [C] a quantity of sth. kept for future use.

福建省长乐第一中学高中英语《unit 1 知识点总结》新人教版必修3

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福建省长乐第一中学高中英语必修三《unit 1 知识点总结 单词 1) starve A) to cause a person or an animal to suffer severely to die from hunger Millions of people starved to death during the war. The lady is starving herself trying to lose weight. B) be starved of / starve for : long for , be in great need of The homeless children were starving for love. The patients are starved of medicine. [同根词] starvation n. 2) satisfy Nothing satisfies him, he is always complaining. He tried to find something to satisfy his hunger. He satisfied me that he could do it well. [同根词] satisfaction n. satisfactory adj. 令人满意的,良好的 satisfying adj. 使人满意的,令人满足的 satisfied adj. 满意的,满足的 3) harm. A) n. damage , injury do harm to sb.= harm sb. B) v. cau se harm to sb./sth. The event did not harm his reputation. It hasn’t harmed me at all. 4) award

福建省长乐第一中学高中英语《Unit 2 知识点总结》新人教版必修3

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福建省长乐第一中学高中英语必修三《Unit 2 知识点总结 单词: 1 diet a) a sort fod usually eaten (by a person , community , etc.) ; sort of food which a person is limited ,eg, for medical reasons. Too rich a diet is not good for you. The docto r put her on a diet. b) restrict ( oneself , sb. ) be restried She became so fat that she had to diet herself. My doctor is die ting me very strictly. 2 balance a) v. to consider or compare ; to cause to be of equal weight ,importance or influence to….. How long can you balance yourself on one foot? Be sure that the inco me and expenditure balance. b) n. 天平, 秤, 平衡状态, 均衡状态 3 glare : to look in an angry way; to shine with a strong light They didn’t fight , but stood there glaring at one another. The sun glares out of the blue sky. 4 research a) n. 研究,调查,探究 His research have been successful. Research workers are examing the probles. b) v. make researches into a pro blem , etc research into

福建省长乐第一中学高中英语《Unit 3 知识点总结》新人教版必修3

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福建省长乐第一中学高中英语必修三《Unit 3 知识点总结 单词 1 bet a) v. risk ( money) on a race or on some other event of which the result is doubtful I don’t enjoy betting. She bet me $20 that I couldn’t be able to give up smoking. b) v. be certain about sth I bet it will be fine tomorrow. c) n. arrangement to risk money They made a bet on the white horse. d)v. opinion , prediction My bet i s that they have got held up in th e traffic. 2 permit a) v. give permission for sth; allow permit n./pron. permi t sb. to do sth. permit doing sth. We don’t permit smoking in the office.

福建省长乐第一中学高中英语《Unit 4 知识点总结》新人教版必修3

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福建省长乐第一中学高中英语必修三《Unit 4 知识点总结 单词 1) explode a)(cause sth. to )burst with a loud noise; blow up When the boiler exploded, many people were injured. The firework exploded in his hand. b) ( of feeling) burst out suddenly At last his anger exploded. ( of people ) show suddenly, violent emotion He exploded with rage. 2) spread a) extended in size, area, etc. The forest spreads as far as the river. b) ( cause sth to) become more widely known,felt or suffered The disease is spreading fast. c) extend the surface area, width or length of sth. by unfolding or unrolling it. Please spread a cloth on the table. 3) disappoint a) fail to be or do sth. as good as was hoped for or desired or expected by sb. Don’t disappoint me by being late again. b) prevent ( hope ,plan etc) from becoming reality It disappoints his expectation. (常用结构) be disappointed at / about sth. be disappointed to do sth.

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